There are many different types of liver disease. You can help prevent some of them by maintaining a healthy weight and staying within the recommended alcohol limits, if you drink.

Types of liver disease

Some of the most common types of liver disease include:

Condition Possible causes
Alcohol-related liver disease regularly drinking too much alcohol
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease being very overweight (obese) – this may cause fat to build up in the liver
Hepatitis catching a viral infection, regularly drinking too much alcohol
Haemochromatosis a gene that runs in families and may be passed from parents to children
Primary biliary cirrhosis may be caused by a problem with the immune system

Symptoms of liver disease

Most types of liver disease don’t cause any symptoms in the early stages.

Once you start to get symptoms of liver disease, your liver is already damaged and scarred. This is known as cirrhosis.

See a GP if you have symptoms of cirrhosis, such as:

Other symptoms may include itchy skin, or feeling or being sick.

How to prevent liver disease

The three main causes of liver disease are:

You can reduce your risk of many types of liver disease with some simple lifestyle changes:

There are vaccines available for two types of hepatitis. These are recommended if you’re at risk. Read about: